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The World Health Organization Quality of life-BREF is an instrument used in the management of substance abuse that measures the following broad domains: physical health, psychological health, social relationships, and environment. WHOQOL-BREF is a shorter version of the WHOQOL original instrument that may be more convenient for large research studies use.


Based on 5 psychometric property studies, the intra-rater reliability scored excellent for total WHOQOL-BREF and subscales (ICC range: 0.84-0.93), correlation of the WHOQOL-Bref subscales with the Satisfaction with Well-Being Index scored adequate to excellent (Psychological – Pearson’s r=0.75, Physical – Pearson’s r=0.63, Family/social – Pearson’s r=0.45, Financial/environment – Pearson’s r=0.59), responsiveness effect sizes scored: Overall QOL and general health domain: 1.01, Physical Health Domain: 1.83, Psychological Health Domain: 0.78, Social Relationship Domain: 1.16, Environment Domain: 0.78 <br>

<i>Miller WC, Anton HA, Townson AF. Measurement properties of the CESD scale among individuals with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord. 2008 Apr;46(4):287-92. Epub 2007 Oct 2. PubMed PMID: 17909558.

Jang Y, Hsieh CL, Wang YH, Wu YH. A validity study of the WHOQOL-BREF assessment in persons with traumatic spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2004 Nov;85(11):1890-5. PubMed PMID: 15520987.</i>


World Health Organization


Domains Quality of Life
Target Population
Evaluated via ORE No
Conditions All, Substance Abuse


License Unknown - contact author
Author email WHOQOL@who.int
Author website http://www.who.int/substance_abuse/research_tools/whoqolbref/en/